The MONICA project is developing a platform that will be used for large-scale demonstration of multiple existing and new Internet of Things technologies for Smarter Living. The platform components are being tested and deployed in six cities in Europe during concerts, festivals, sporting events and city happenings, involving technical partners and end users. During each demonstration, innovative wearable and portable IoT sensors are tested and progressively integrated into an interoperable, cloud-based platform capable of offering a multitude of simultaneous, targeted applications.
The first results and lessons learned from the first four of the eleven demonstrations carried out in 2018 are presented here.
The goal of these first demonstrations is to test all the components of the MONICA platform in each pilot city. Once properly calibrated and validated, the components can be integrated into the platform, which is custom-designed to encompass the individual pilot requirements in terms of venue infrastructure, user needs and technical requirements.
The MONICA solutions cover sound monitoring and control, health/security/safety management and crowd and capacity monitoring, including locating of individuals, which are the use case groups selected by the pilots.
In the first part of 2018, the project has finalised the deployment plans for each of the six pilot cities, establishing what technologies to use where and when. For instance, some pilots strive to achieve optimal concert sound and enhanced noise control, while others are more focused on optimisation of security in terms of crowd management.
In every demonstration there are two main actors coordinating the tests: the event manager from the pilot who makes the venue’s infrastructures available and recruits the end users, and the technical coordinator who works with the partners involved in the preparation, deployment and running of the demonstrations. During each pilot event, data are collected and made available for validation and impact assessment.
- All demonstrations have been carried out as planned and the expected outcomes successfully achieved.
- The consortium is committed and motivated to fulfil the objectives, and the cooperation between technical partners and pilots is mutually beneficial.
- Data from the components have been captured and processed through the MONICA IoT platform and presented via user interfaces, accessed by the event staff to monitor and evaluate the acoustic performance, the crowd flow in the venue, and to detect security/safety/health incidents.
Main stakeholders involved in each demonstration:
- Pilot cities Bonn, Copenhagen, Hamburg, Leeds, Lyon, Torino
- Technical coordinator
- IT companies and research centres
- End users (event visitors, police, local authorities, event security staff, city council administration, politicians, stadium stewards, event venue neighbourhood).
Challenges and Lessons Learned
- The recruitment and training of end users to utilise and validate the solution during the demonstration require good planning, especially when it comes to the staff, who are very busy during the event itself.
- Deployment of the solutions requires hard work, commitment and extra funds:
- certified technicians need to be hired for the set-up of the device infrastructures;
- good, advance planning is needed as well as flexibility on site;
- communication between event technicians and MONICA partners is important.
- Wireless infrastructure: network stability (Wi-Fi/4G) is an issue because providing stable Wi-Fi at large events (100,000 people) is difficult, so MONICA must be able to locate the best available network and re-connect during runtime.
- The crowd counting algorithm has already been successfully integrated into the MONICA platform.
- Through the Adaptive Sound Field Control System, the sound level during concerts has been effectively reduced by around 6 dB in the dark zone (neighbourhood), without affecting the quality of the sound in the concert area.
So far, pilot demonstrations have taken place in Bonn, Torino, Leeds and Copenhagen. Before the end of 2018, pilots will be run at other outdoor events in Lyon and Hamburg and repeated in Torino and Leeds.